The climate of the Maltese Islands is typically Mediterranean and is much influenced by its surrounding sea.

The soil of Malta and Gozo is calcareous, ranging from slightly to markedly alkaline. Soil types range from sandy to loam to clay. The depth of the soil and soil material is very variable but is in general rarely deeper than one meter. The underlying rock is mostly friable, porous limestone, which the roots can penetrate to access water.

The combination of soil, climate and environment (salty due to sea proximity) gives well-structured white wines and intensely coloured (depending on variety) red wines. Properly harvested and processed red wines are characterized by sweet tannins and high alcohol levels of 13% or more.



Banderols are provided to the wineries and may be attached only on certified wines. Made of special security paper and usually attached to the wine bottles, mostly on the neck of the bottle.